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Museum of Letters by Anton P. Chekhov

Museum of Letters by Anton P. Chekhov

Об экспозиции

In the city of Chekhov, not far from the station square, surrounded by modern buildings, you can see a piece of Lopasny from the end of the 19th century - the building of the former Lopasny post and telegraph office. The museum exhibition “History of Postal Business in Lopasnya” now tells about the history of its creation, internal structure and work, opening wonderful pages of Russian history and culture.

One of the main postal arteries of the empire passed near ancient Lopasnya, which is more than 840 years old, so the history of postal business in Lopasnya goes back more than one century. Over the centuries, the mail delivery system has changed and improved - from the cart, as a special type of duty, and the pit chase to the creation of regular public mail and zemstvo mail.

Once upon a time, on the right bank of the Lopasnya River there was a hut in which messengers stayed, delivering decrees, instructions and letters along the postal coachman's highway from Moscow to Serpukhov, Tula, Orel, Kursk, Belgorod. The coachman trade was developed among the residents of Lopasnya and the surrounding area. But in the second half of the 19th century, railway transport pushed coachmanship away from the main highways of the country - postal routes began to degenerate. Now all registered correspondence, parcels and telegrams came to Lopasnya through the district town of Serpukhov, and simple letters arrived at the Lopasnya station and were stored in a special cabinet in the station building. This situation changed at the end of the 19th century.

The post office in Lopasna was opened in 1896 and existed in this specially built building for 10 years. The pages of this story are associated with the name of Anton Pavlovich Chekhov. In 1892, the writer settled on an estate in the village. Melikhovo, 12 versts from the station. Lopasni, like many local residents, immediately felt the absence of a regularly working and nearby post office.

“I think that when buying an estate, you only need it to be affordable and, at least from a distance, to suit the usual living conditions, so that there is an office, a park, sun, post office... and the rest will follow itself” (A.P. Chekhov – A.S. Suvorin. May 15, 1892)

On the initiative of the local intelligentsia and with the active participation of A.P. Chekhov in August 1893, a collection of signatures was organized to submit a petition to the Moscow Postal and Telegraph District, and then a collection of voluntary donations for the construction of a post office building. Its opening took place on January 2, 1896. On October 1 of the same year, a telegraph began operating here, at the opening of which, at the invitation of the postmaster A.V. Blagoveshchensky was attended by Chekhov.